United States Congressman and Senator from Massachusetts
(1816-1903) Born in Cummington, Mass., he graduated from Yale in 1839, became a teacher, and edited the Greenfield Gazette and the North Adams Transcript. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1842, and commenced practice in North Adams, Mass. Served as a member of the Massachusetts State House of Representatives, 1848-49, and 1852; and in the State Senate in 1850. He was a member of the State constitutional convention in 1853, and District Attorney for the western district of Massachusetts, 1853-57. He helped create a national weather service and was behind finishing the Washington Monument. A Republican, he served 18 years as a U.S. Congressman, 1857-75, and 17 years as a U.S. Senator, 1875-93. He served as chairman of the Committee on Elections, and chairman of the Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds. His most famous accomplishment was as author of the "Dawes Act" which conferred citizenship on American Indians. He served as the chairman of the commission that was created to administer the tribal affairs of the Five Civilized Tribes of Indians in the Indian Territory, 1893-1903.
Signature: 3 1/2 x 5/8, in ink, H.L. Dawes.