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5th Virginia Infantry Manuscript Concerning a Substitute

 
5th Virginia Infantry Manuscript Concerning a Substitute (Image1)
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Item Number: CD680
 

 



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This hard fought Virginia regiment was part of the famous "Stonewall Brigade"

Concerns a Confederate soldier who was later captured at Gettysburg and who died in 1864!

Signed by a Confederate captain who was wounded and captured at Cedar Creek, Va.


7 3/4 x 9 3/4, in ink.

Camp Winder
Jan. 24th, 1863

Lieut. Crist

Dear Sir,

In answer to your inquiry I would say that when David A. McComb Substituted Stephen Donegan in his stead according to an article of agreement drawn up at Camp Bunker Hill, the said David A. McComb was held responsible for the said Stephen Donegan. I would have enclosed the article, but, I could not find it though it is somewhere with my papers. Lieut. Col. Williams drew up the article and can substantiate what I say.

Very Respectfully,
M.S. Brown
Capt. Co. A, 5th Regt.
Va. Inf.

Light wear. Very fine and neatly written manuscript. Extremely desirable 5th Virginia Infantry document, who were members of the legendary "Stonewall Brigade." Scarce.

The 5th Virginia Infantry Regiment was part of the famous "Stonewall Brigade," originally commanded by and named after legendary Confederate General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson, who was mortally wounded at the battle of Chancellorsville, Va., in May 1863. These hard fought Virginians saw action on many battlefields during The War Between the States, but they are too numerous to name here. Just to give you an idea of some of their battle honors the regiment fought at 1st Manassas, in the 1862 Shenandoah Valley campaign, in the Seven Days battles, at Cedar Mountain, 2nd Manassas, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Winchester, Cedar Creek, Petersburg, and the regiment surrendered at Appomattox with only 8 officers and 48 men.

List of some of the individual battle casualties suffered by the 5th Virginia Infantry:

1st Manassas: 51 wounded, 4 killed
Port Republic: 47 wounded, 3 killed
Kernstown: 30 wounded, 11 killed
Gaines' Mill: 34 wounded, 4 killed
Malvern Hill: 13 wounded, 1 killed
Cedar Mountain: 23 wounded, 3 killed
2nd Manassas: 78 wounded, 15 killed
Sharpsburg: 19 wounded, 1 killed
Chancellorsville: 125 wounded, 12 killed
Gettysburg: 59 wounded, 7 killed
The Wilderness: 45 wounded, 5 killed
Spotsylvania: (on May 12, 1864) 18 wounded, 6 killed, 178 captured

Captain Marshall Smith Brown, who signed this document, was a member of the elite Marion Rifles before the war; he enlisted on April 22, 1861, at Winchester, Va., as a sergeant, and was mustered into Co. A, 5th Virginia Infantry. He was promoted to 1st lieutenant, April 23, 1862; captain, July 1, 1862; was wounded in the right thigh, and captured October 19, 1864, at the battle of Cedar Creek, Va.; hospitalized on April 4, 1865, Winder Hospital, Richmond, Va. After the war he lived in Richmond and was a member of Pickett Camp, U.C.V. He died on February 11, 1904, and is buried in Richmond.

Lieutenant John W. Crist, who was the recipient of this document, enlisted on May 11, 1861, at Sangerville, Va., as a sergeant, and was mustered into Co. I, 5th Virginia Infantry. He was promoted to 1st sergeant, July 21, 1861; 2nd lieutenant, April 15, 1862; 1st lieutenant, June 9, 1862; was hospitalized at Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond, May 15, 1864, and returned to duty, June 15, 1864; he was one of the 8 officers of the regiment that surrendered at Appomattox Court House, Va., April 9, 1865.

David Alexander McComb, one of the two principals of this document, enlisted on March 14, 1862, at Rude's Hill, Va., as a private, and was mustered into Co. A, 5th Virginia Infantry. He was listed as a deserter on November 26, 1862, at Madison Court House, Va.; he returned to the regiment, February 15, 1863; he was captured on July 3, 1863, at the battle of Gettysburg; confined Fort Delaware, July 6, 1863; confined, July 11, 1863, Point Lookout, Md.; confined, July 16, 1863, Fort Columbia, Va.; exchanged, April 27, 1864; hospitalized at Richmond, Va., May 1, 1864; died October 12, 1864, Augusta County, Va.

Stephen Donegan, the second principal in this document, enlisted on September 29, 1862, at Bunker Hill, Va., as a private, and was mustered into Co. A, 5th Virginia Infantry. His method and place of discharge are unknown, but as stated in this document, he secured a substitute namely, David Alexander McComb, who apparently went AWOL, until rejoining the regiment on February 15, 1863.

Lieutenant Colonel Hazael Joseph Williams, who is named in the last sentence of this document as being able to substantiate the claim of Captain Brown, regarding the reliability of the details of this document, was a member of the Southern Guard before the war; he enlisted on April 17, 1861, at Augusta County, Va., as a captain, and was commissioned into Co. A, 5th Virginia Infantry. He was promoted to major, April 21, 1862; lieutenant colonel, August 29, 1862; he was in command of the regiment at the battles of Cedar Mountain, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville; wounded in the thigh, June 15, 1863, at the battle of Winchester, Va.; wounded in the left shoulder, October 19, 1864, at the battle of Cedar Creek, Va.; date and method of discharge are unknown. After the war he served in the Virginia State Legislature. He died July 18, 1911, in Greenville, Va., and is buried at the Mt. Tabor Lutheran Church Cemetery.



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