Colonel of the 7th New Hampshire Infantry during the Civil War
United States Senator from North Carolina
Member of the President Andrew Johnson Impeachment Congress
(1825-81) Born in Concord, New Hampshire, he graduated from Phillips Academy in 1846 and was a lawyer, businessman, and newspaper editor. He served as Adjutant General of New Hampshire, 1856-61. He began his Civil War career on December 13, 1861, when he was commissioned lieutenant colonel of the 7th New Hampshire Infantry. Promoted to colonel on November 17, 1863, he commanded the 2nd Brigade, 24th Corps. He later commanded Abbott's Brigade, Terry's Provisional District, and the 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps. Abbott was promoted to brevet brigadier general, on January 15, 1865, for gallantry in the capture of Fort Fisher, N.C., and for a time was the commandant of the city. He was a delegate to the North Carolina State constitutional convention in 1868, and upon the readmission of the State of North Carolina to the Union was elected U.S. Senator serving from 1868-71. He served as collector of the port of Wilmington under President Ulysses S. Grant, and was inspector of posts along the eastern line of the southern coast under President Rutherford B. Hayes. He established the town of Abbottsville, in Bladen County, N.C. He was employed as a special agent in the United States Treasury Department. Served as the editor of the Wilmington Post newspaper.
Signature With States: 5 1/4 x 2 3/4, in ink, Joseph C. Abbott, N.C.