For Exchange of Prisoners After Being Wounded at Gettysburg
4 x 6 5/8, imprint.
Adjutant General's Office
Washington, July 23, 1863
Brigadier General S.A. Meredith will repair to Fort Monroe and relieve Lieutenant Colonel Ludlow of the duties of Agent for exchange of prisoners. After turning over to General Meredith all papers connected with his office, Lieutenant Colonel Ludlow will report to the Adjutant General of the Army.
By Order Of The Secretary Of War:
Assistant Adjutant General
Light age toning. Very fine and desirable.
General Meredith had been wounded less than 3 weeks earlier at Gettysburg and was being sent to Fort Monroe, Va. on prisoner exchange duty while he convalesced from his wound.
General Solomon A. Meredith
Commander of the famous Iron Brigade
(1810-75) Served as sheriff of Wayne County, Indiana and was later elected to four terms in the state legislature. In 1849, he was appointed U.S. Marshal for the district of Indiana. Meredith had a most distinguished Civil War career, first being elected colonel of the 19th Indiana Infantry. In 1862, he saw action in the second battle of Bull Run where he was severely wounded. He was promoted to brigadier general on Oct. 6, 1862. At the battle of Chancellorsville, his brigade of one Michigan, two Indiana, and three Wisconsin regiments, known as the "Iron Brigade," fought in Gen. John F. Reynold's 1st Corps. Meredith's and Cutler's brigades opened the infantry fighting at Gettysburg on July 1, 1863, and he was wounded again and knocked out of action until November of that year. In early 1864 he was assigned to command the post at Cairo, Illinois, and in September of that year to the post at Paducah, Kentucky.