(1824-93) Graduated in the West Point class of 1845. He won the brevets of 1st lieutenant and captain for gallantry at Cerro Gordo and Contreras in the Mexican War. From 1849-52, he was assistant professor of mathematics at West Point. Later he served in the Indian campaigns on the Texas frontier. A native of Florida, he resigned his commission on April 6, 1861, when Florida seceded from the Union. He entered the Confederate service as a lieutenant colonel and served in the Shenandoah Valley under Joseph E. Johnston. On June 17, 1861, he was commissioned brigadier general in the Provisional Army and was severely wounded at 1st Manassas. He was promoted to major general on Oct. 11, 1861, and in 1862 was in command of the District of East Tennessee. Smith participated in Gen. Braxton Bragg's invasion of Kentucky and won a decisive victory at Richmond, Ky., on Aug. 30, 1862. He became lieutenant general from Oct. 9, 1862. From 1862-65 he was in command of the Trans-Mississippi Department, and received permanent rank of general in the Provisional Army on Feb. 19, 1864. In the spring of 1864, his army repelled the Red River expedition of Gen. N.P. Banks. Smith was almost the last Confederate general in the field, but in a hopelessly isolated situation, he finally surrendered his troops to Gen. E.R.S. Canby on May 26, 1865.
Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 4 card. Chest up view in Confederate uniform. Backmark: E. & H.T. Anthony, New York. Light age toning. Very fine.