Military Commission for an Ohio Civil War Captain who was captured at Atlanta
(1811-65) A native of Ohio, he attended Ohio University, published the Western Republican in Marietta, and owned the Ohio Eagle in Lancaster. He served as clerk of the Ohio Senate, from 1835 to 1837, was a member of the Ohio House of Representatives in 1837, and Auditor of the State of Ohio, from 1839 to 1845. Brough improved state credit, reorganized the account system, and added one million acres to the state's tax list. From 1848 to 1863, he practiced law, was engaged in the railroad business, and published the Cincinnati Inquirer newspaper. He defeated Copperhead Clement L. Valladigham for Governor in 1863, and had an administration characterized by honesty and reform. One of his accomplishes while in office was to get passage of a state levy for the support of soldier's families, but made enemies by advocating a seniority system for army officers. When Salmon P. Chase was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Brough was offered the cabinet post of Secretary of the Treasury, but he declined due to failing health, the same reason he did not run for another terms as Ohio Governor. He died in Cleveland on August 29, 1865.
War Date Document Signed: 13 1/2 x 10 3/4, imprinted form, filled out in ink, with large vignette of an eagle in flight carrying an American flag.
GOVERNOR OF THE STATE OF OHIO.
TO ALL WHO SHALL SEE THESE PRESENTS, GREETING:
Know ye, That reposing special trust and confidence in the patriotism, valor, fidelity and abilities of Nathan Bostwick, I have appointed him Captain in the 20th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry in the service of the United States, for Three Years, unless sooner discharged, under Act of CONGRESS, approved July 22, 1861, to rank as such from the 1st day of January eighteen hundred and sixty four. Much more content.
Signed by Governor Jno. Brough at bottom right. Also bears the signatures of the Secretary of State of Ohio, and the Asst. Adjutant General of Ohio. Dated January 30, 1864.
Light age toning and wear. Very fine. Desirable Ohio Civil War document.
Nathan Bostwick, enlisted on October 18, 1861, as a 2nd lieutenant, and was commissioned into Co. G, 20th Ohio Infantry. He was promoted to 1st lieutenant, April 24, 1862, and captain, January 1, 1864. He was wounded, and captured, on July 22, 1864, at Atlanta, Ga., and confined at Macon, Ga. He was then sent to a Confederate hospital at Columbia, S.C. He escaped on January 1, 1864, traveled for 27 days, and arrived at Knoxville, Tenn., on December 27, 1864. He was mustered out of the Union Army on April 9, 1865.
The 20th Ohio Infantry saw action at Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Iuka, Big Hatchie River, Raymond, Champion's Hill, Vicksburg, Jackson, the Meridian expedition, the Atlanta campaign, Jonesboro, Sherman's March to the Sea, Savannah, and the 1865 Carolina's campaign.