(1823-1917) The most distinguished of the foreign born officers who served in the Union Army was born in Coblenz, Germany. After receiving a military education he became embroiled in the revolution which swept Europe in 1848 and the following year was forced to flee to the United States. He settled in Illinois and then moved to St. Louis whose large German population made him welcome. Osterhaus entered the Civil War as a major of a Missouri battalion and was mustered in on April 27, 1861. He fought at Wilson's Creek in August with his battalion, and in December was made colonel of the 12th Missouri Infantry. He commanded a division of Gen. Curtis' forces at the battle of Pea Ridge, Arkansas and in June 1862 was appointed brigadier general. During the Vicksburg campaign he directed a division and was wounded at Big Black River. At Chattanooga, he served under Gen. Hooker and on the day of the assault upon Missionary Ridge performed magnificently as his command drove Bragg's Confederates from the southern end of the ridge. He was made a major general on July 23, 1864, during the Atlanta campaign. He went through Georgia with Sherman and also fought under him in the 1865 Carolina's campaign.
Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 4 card. Chest up view in uniform with rank of brigadier general. No backmark. Corners of the card are slightly trimmed. Small stain and light age toning. Scarce.